TREATING OCD AND ADDICTION
What Is OCD?
Living with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) can be challenging and debilitating. If left untreated, it can lead to anxiety, depression, and even suicidal thoughts.
- Obsessions: intrusive thoughts, images, or impulses
- Compulsions: the urge to do something over and over again
How OCD Affects Life
Medical professionals still do not entirely understand the neurological roots of the disorder. A recent study published in the journal Biological Psychiatry found that people with OCD displayed more activity in the brain regions associated with recognizing an error but had less activity in areas of the brain that could stop an action.1
How Common Is OCD?
How Is It Diagnosed?
How Are OCD and Addiction Connected?
Bipolar 1 Disorder
- 27% of adults with OCD met the criteria for a substance use disorder
- 12% met the criteria for an alcohol use disorder
- 11% met the criteria for alcohol and a drug use disorder, and 3% met the criteria for a drug use disorder
Is OCD Social Isolation a Factor in Addiction?
- Fear of contamination by dirt or germs
- Worries about harming others
- Preoccupations about numbers, patterns, or sexual identity
- Concern with orderliness and symmetry
- Fear of losing control over one's behavior
Effects of Obsessions
- Not touching objects that other people have touched
- Doubts that you have locked the door or turned off the stove
- Thoughts of driving your car into a crowd of people
- Troublesome sexual images
- Thoughts about acting inappropriately in public
- Avoiding situations that can trigger obsessions
Addiction vs. Obsession
- Excessive cleaning or washing
- Meticulously arranging objects
- Walking in predetermined patterns
- Compulsive counting
- Following a strict routine
- Demanding reassurance
Effects of Compulsions
- Washing your hands until your skin becomes raw
- Checking the stove multiple times to ensure it is off
- Checking the door locks repeatedly to ensure they are locked
- Arranging kitchen items to face the same way
- Silently repeating a word, phrase, or prayer
- Counting steps
Addiction vs. Compulsion
Treating a Dual Diagnosis of OCD and Addiction